Melchizedek’s religion would-have-been the main Canaanite heritage

Melchizedek’s religion would-have-been the main Canaanite heritage

Melchizedek, who looks on Old testament, leads to biblical heritage while the he had been both king and you can priest, pertaining to Jerusalem, and you may respected from the Abraham, which repaid a tithe so you can him. To own Abraham to identify the brand new authority and you may authenticity away from a beneficial Canaanite priest-queen is actually startling possesses zero synchronous for the biblical literature.

Melchizedek is actually an old Canaanite title definition “My personal Queen Are [brand new jesus] Sedek” or “My personal King Try Righteousness” (the meaning of your own equivalent Hebrew cognate).

Brand new jesus whom Melchizedek serves as priest is “Este ?Elyon,” a reputation from Canaanite origin, probably designating the latest higher god of their pantheon.

Melchizedek, and additionally spelled Melchiseent), a statistic of importance inside the biblical lifestyle because the he had been each other king and you will priest, is actually associated with Jerusalem, and you may is respected of the Abraham, just who paid down a tithe to help you your

Melchizedek is thought for already been the brand new king away from Jerusalem. Salem, of which he’s said to be king, is extremely most likely Jerusalem. Psalm 76:dos means Salem in a fashion that means that it is similar to Jerusalem, and the site inside Genesis so you’re able to “the King’s Area” further verifies which personality.

The guy looks like one only in the an interpolated vignette (Genesis –20) of your own tale out of Abraham protecting their kidnapped nephew, Lot, of the conquering an effective coalition out of Mesopotamian kings below Chedorlaomer.

Regarding event, Melchizedek matches Abraham on the their get back of battle, gets him bread and you can wine (that has been interpreted by specific Religious scholars just like the a predecessor of your own Eucharist, so as that Melchizedek’s term entered the latest canon of your Roman size), and you will blesses Abraham on the title of “Goodness Most Large” (when you look at the Hebrew El ?Elyon). Inturn, Abraham brings him a great tithe of your booty.

Melchizedek try a vintage Canaanite label definition “My personal Queen Try [the goodness] Sedek” otherwise “My King Was Righteousness” (the meaning of one’s comparable Hebrew cognate). Salem, at which he’s allowed to be queen, is very most likely Jerusalem. Psalm 76:2 means Salem in a way that ensures that they was synonymous with Jerusalem, plus the reference into the Genesis in order to “the latest King’s Area” next verifies this identification. This new jesus whom Melchizedek serves as priest are “Este ?Elyon,” again a reputation of Canaanite origin, most likely designating the high goodness of the pantheon. (Later, the Hebrews adapted several other Canaanite identity since an enthusiastic appellation to own Jesus.)

Abraham investing a great tithe in order to Melchizedek is actually a translation, though a likely you to definitely, of your brand new biblical text message, in which the amount is actually unknown; it appears incongruous you to Abraham offers a 10th of the butt to help you Melchizedek after which will not need some of they getting himself (verses 22–23)

To have Abraham to spot the fresh new authority and you may authenticity regarding an excellent Canaanite priest-king is actually startling and also no parallel for the biblical literature. So it story may have hit the last ingredients from the days out-of Queen David, helping as the an apologia for David’s and also make Jerusalem their headquarters and you can setting-up the latest priesthood indeed there. Abraham’s paying tribute to a great Jerusalem priest-queen then do acceptance committed when Abraham’s descendants create render tithes on the priests away from Jerusalem ministering on sanctuary during the brand new Davidic financial support. The story can also interact with this new dispute between your Levite priests descended out of Abraham and the Zadokite priests away from Jerusalem, exactly who after altered their allegiance to help you Yahweh, the brand new Hebrew jesus. Brand new Zadokites monopolized the fresh new Jerusalem priesthood until artificially taken away so you can Babylon, at which go out Levite priests asserted their unique hegemony; the fresh Melchizedek event you may inform you brand new reascendancy of Zadokite electricity.

The newest biblical account in addition to poses textual trouble. Again, some students have said that it could be uncommon to own an enthusiastic writer of Davidic times to build a story that have a good Canaanite protagonist.